by Barbara Unger, GMP Quality Expert, and GMP Regulatory Intelligence Editor-in-Chief
Acquisition of one pharmaceutical firm by another is preceded by due diligence efforts in many functional areas. Let’s talk about activities in the GMP area. Firms may not be able to fully rely on past inspections by the FDA to predict the extent of remediation that might be necessary in the manufacturing and testing of the firm’s products. We provide five recent examples where the FDA appears to increase their enforcement intensity when an acquiring firm with perceived ‘deep-pockets’ enters the game.
The FDA has been writing up companies on data integrity since the year 2000. Even after all the horror stories, and even after billions of dollars of market cap have been erased from it, here we are in 2017, still talking about it.
Here is some troubling text from recent Warning Letters that cite data integrity:
“…our investigator observed your warehouse supervisor tearing out pages from your firm’s annual report and placing the pages into his pocket.”
New data synthesized by FDAzilla has revealed several dramatic shifts with FDA inspection and enforcement activity.
The FDA issued 15 pharma GMP-related warning letters to manufacturing sites in China in 2016 – a 5-fold increase from years prior. China averaged 2.7 Warning Letters per year from 2013 to 2015. This explosion was led mostly by infamous FDA investigator, Peter Baker, who performed 17 inspections in China in 2016, leading to 13 FDA Form 483s and 4 Warning Letters. Continue reading
Today, I’m excited to officially announce a new set of services to help you prepare for your next FDA inspections – FDA Inspector Profiles.
We’ve taken 16+ years of FDA inspection data and combined it with other relevant databases to bring you a comprehensive, detailed look into any individual FDA Inspector. Continue reading
by Barbara Unger, FDAzilla GMP Quality Expert and Editor-in-Chief of GMP Regulatory Intelligence
A consent decree agreement is an agreement filed in the US courts formalizing a voluntary agreement between two parties. Here we will address consent decree agreements between FDA and several pharmaceutical companies based on repeated failures to adequately address CGMP deficiencies. It is not an action taken on the basis of a single form 483, or a single warning letter. Generally, a series of events play out over time when critical inspection observations are not addressed and are identified in subsequent inspections. Frequently one or more warning letters are involved. Consent decree agreements often include fines, with the option for additional financial penalties if conditions to which the firm agrees are not met. Often these firms are required to use a 3rd party consultants to perform lot release. Firms operating under a consent decree agreement have largely lost their independence in GMP activities. Unlike Corporate Integrity Agreement which have a defined duration, firms must petition to have the consent decree agreement condition rescinded.
“Forget about actual warning letters. The cost of us receiving a moderately bad 483 is roughly $250,000.”
I heard this from a reputable Head of Manufacturing of one of the largest biopharma companies in the world. While most pharma and med device companies seems to learn quickly from everyone else’s mistakes, companies still occasionally get a “moderately bad” 483. And then what happens after that? Continue reading
Due to popular demand, we have decided to add EIRs into our store. Establishment Inspection Reports (EIRs) are an important tool in your tool belt of inspection preparation and intelligence. If you aren’t familiar with them, read our recent post on the 5 Things to Look for in an EIR. Continue reading
Benjamin Franklin said, “By failing to prepare, you are preparing to fail.” Prepare for your FDA inspections with Establish Inspection Reports (EIR). An EIR is the full report of an FDA inspection written by the investigators. Among the features identified in the report are:
Reading through the news, here were 9 articles that were worth a closer look. Continue reading